Whenever we hear the word bedbugs, chills run down our spine, we know they’re a nightmare to get rid of and are simply disgusting. Bedbugs are small parasites that feed on our blood and dead skin cells and are so tiny that cannot be seen with the naked eye. They’re oval, brownish parasites with a flat body that turns red and swells when they’ve fed. Bed bugs are more active at night but are not entirely nocturnal. The female bedbugs can lay thousands of eggs during one lifetime as they reproduce awfully quickly. These eggs are as big as a speck of dust which can easily be brought to your home through used furniture, baggage, used bed, linens, clothing and so on. Bed bugs can cause serious problems as they can cause rashes, allergies and even psychological problems in certain cases.
How to tell if you have bed bugs at home?
The most common symptom people with bed bugs experience is an itching sensation all over their body first thing they get up from bed. The itching place is where the bug has bitten you and sometimes these places become reddish and swollen as a result. There can even be blood stains on your sheets and pillows from the bites.
The bed bugs’ feces are another sign that you’ve got a bed bug infestation. Look for these among your sheets and mattress. They secrete a musty odor from their scent glands, so this is another sign you probably have a problem with bed bugs.
Since they’re small and flat they can move rather quickly and hide in places like the mattress, the headboard, box springs and bed frames. As time passes by they can scatter around the bedroom and cause serious infestation problems.
Getting rid of bed bugs
So you’ve got bed bugs? Don’t worry it’s not the end of the world, they may be a nuisance and difficult to eliminate but be patient, it may take a while but there’s a way to get rid of them.
The main thing you need to do is clean every corner of your house where you found these parasites. Wash and dry the linens, bedding, curtains, clothing and everything else you think needs washing. Then vacuum your entire house thoroughly, including the furniture and furnishing. This needs to be done regularly. When you finish vacuuming remove the bag and throw it out in the garbage immediately.
You can also try freezing the infested items at -17C as they cannot survive these temperatures. Steam is a good idea as well, as it can get into all the crack and crevices and terminates the bed bugs. Use 60C to clean the infested areas.
Home Remedies For Bed Bugs
You can get rid of bed bugs with certain alternative remedies as well, we recommend using essential oils as they are quite effective.
Here are the best natural remedies for bed bugs:
1. Tea Tree Oil Spray
According to studies, the tea tree oil is efficient insecticidal. What it does is that it disrupts the permeability barrier of the structures of the cell membrane and with that, there is no chemiosmotic control and fatality.
This is why the tea tree essential oil is good when it comes to eliminating bed bugs. You make your own spray and use it for unreachable places like furniture joints, places, crevices, and cracks.
How to Make
Mix 2 tsp. of tea tree oil with water- 50 ml. Put the mixture in a spray bottle and make sure to shake well. And there you have your own homemade spray.
Spray everywhere you think you need to. Do this on a daily basis, and you can stop when there are no more signs that there are bed bugs in your house.
Note: Every time before you spray, shake well the spray bottle.
2. Lavender oil
This oil is also very efficient in eliminating insects due to its powerful insecticidal properties. The smell is the responsible for its amazing properties and efficiency. It also has the ability to work as a cytoxin, eliminating the insects very fast.
Make a mixture using 50ml of water and 10-15 drops of lavender oil and spray on every place you think is needed. Shake before use.
It is also very effective to mix lavender and peppermint oil. Take a spray bottle and add 15 drops of lavender essential oil and 15 drops of peppermint essential oil. Use wherever needed.
3. Citronella spray
Lemongrass or citronella is another essential oil that is very efficient in eliminating insects, getting rid of the bedbugs as well as their eggs. It actually raises the level of acidity inside them and kills them from inside.
Make a mixture with water and 10 drops of this essential oil and put it in a little spray bottle. Shake before use and spray wherever needed.
4. Eucalyptus oil
You can see eucalyptus trees in a lot of places. The essential oil that is in its foliage is used in perfumes, good and pharmaceuticals. Also, it is used as a repellent.
It is believed that the eucalyptus oil can exhibit ovicidal activity. Also, it can act as a repellent against mites, bacteria, nematodes, fungi, weeds, and insects.
How to Make
Make your own eucalyptus oil spray. You will need to mix 2 ounces water, 30 drops of this oil and 1,5 ounces vodka or witch hazel.
Pour the mixture into a spray bottle and shake it. Spray the mixture everywhere you believe that there are bed bugs. Remember to spray every 2 hours when you are at home.
5. Orange oil
Mix 2 oz. orange oil with 1 oz. molasses, a cup of compost tea and 4 l. of water and spray the mixture on your mattress and all around your home to get rid of bedbugs once and for all.
6. Diatomaceous Earth
DE is a non-toxic insecticide that can eliminate almost all pests in your garden and home. It’s safe to use and can be sprinkled in any area in your home. Sprinkle the powder on your bed, mattress and anywhere you think the bugs reside, then leave it to work for 3 days before vacuuming. In order not to allow another infestation, throw the vacuum bag in a garbage outside.
7. Clove oil
Clove oil is a powerful insecticide that can destroy the parasites quickly. Mix a teaspoon of clove oil with a cup of water and spray the mixture all around your home to get rid of bedbugs.
Thyme or thymol oil is one of the most powerful insecticides that exist. Just tie a thyme in a cloth and burn it in your bedroom or whatever place the bedbugs have infested, or put a bag of thyme leaves on the infested areas and replace them every 3 days.
9. Bean leaves
Bean leaves are rich with trichomes, which is a type of microscopic hair that attach to the bugs and kill them. You will need to throw some bean leaves around the house in areas where you have noticed bugs. Leave it for several days and afterwards replace them with fresh ones. This way you will manage to get rid of the bugs completely.
10. Sweet flag
Sweet flag is perennial and semi-aquatic plant which originates from America and Eurasia. This remedy contains insecticidal and medicinal properties, and also great repellant and antifungal properties. In order to use this remedy against insects and bugs you will need to boil 1l of water and 50gr of turmeric along with 100gr of sweet flag. Leave it to simmer for 60 minutes and pour it in container. Leave this remedy to sit for one day and afterwards dilute it with water in ration 1:10. Feel free to use this mixture all around the house.
11. Neem Oil
For a long time, the neem oil is used for different insecticidal and medicinal properties. In fact, the seeds, the leaf and the tree, everything is used for medicine and is very beneficial.
According to studies, the cold pressed neem oil can repeal a lot of pests, and it is highly toxic.
Also, it has high properties when it comes to larval growth inhibition.
How to Make
To make your own spray, in 4 ounces of water put 1 ounce of concentrated neem oil. Also, put ½ tsp. of soap to emulsify the mixture.
You will need to mix well. Take the mixture and put it in a spray bottle.
You can use it to spray and wipe walls, sheets, beds, and crevices. Use it in all places where the bed bugs hide.
In the first 3 days, you will need to spray 3 times per day. Then for 18 days, you will need to use this solution, but you will only need to do that every alternate day.
The essential oils are effective when it comes to eliminating bed bugs because they act as cytotoxins. Which means that they destroy the membranes of the bed bugs.
Start today and stay safe from bed bugs.