What are hormones? There are made in the endocrine glands. The hormones are actually messengers. The hormones or the messengers control the functions of the body.
They control the most major body functions, from the most simple ones like hunger all the way to the complex ones like emotions, mood, and reproduction.
If you understand the function of the hormones, the control can be in your hands.
Hormones influence your appetite, control your weight, your cravings and influence how much fat you store. But do not panic, there are ways to improve them.
The fat cells in your body produce leptin. The role of the leptin is to communicate with the part of the brain that regulates the food intake and your appetite, that part is called hypothalamus.
Inflammation in the hypothalamus and chronically increased levels of insulin cause obesity. If you are resistant to leptin, you will want to eat more, and that causes obesity. If you want to get rid of this kind of resistance make sure to regularly exercise and bear in mind to avoid fatty fish and sugary drinks.
The beta cells in your pancreas produce insulin. The insulin allows to the cells to take in the blood sugar for energy. Also, it is a primary reason why the fat stores in your body. Manage your levels of insulin by minimizing or avoiding sugar.
The adrenal glands produce cortisol, also known as the stress hormone. That increases the cortisol levels in the body. Stress eating is something that at least once you have done.
Well, feel free to blame this hormone for that. Make sure to have a good quality sleep in order to reduce the stress and with that to reduce the stress eating.
The hormone ghrelin is also known as the hunger hormone. The ghrelin is the one that sends the message to the hypothalamus, and then the hypothalamus tells you that you need to eat.
In the case of low level of ghrelin in your body, you find yourself in a situation where you do not know when to eat. In order to improve and fix the levels in ghrelin you should avoid consuming protein.
The ovaries produce estrogen, and it is an important female hormone. It does not matter whether you have low levels or high levels of estrogen in can either way cause you to gain weight.
If you want to get your levels of estrogen back to normal, you need to eat cruciferous vegetables and plenty of fiber.
6. Neuropeptide Y
Produced by the cells in your brain the hormone neuropeptide Y is the one that stimulates your appetite. This hormone is at its high level in the period of food deprivation and fasting.
To lower the levels of this hormone in the body avoid fasting and make sure to consume the enough amount of protein.
7. Cholecystokinin (CCK)
A hormone produced by the cells in the gut. Try to consume food that is rich in fats, but the healthy ones. Also, try at every meal to add protein.
8. Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1)
It is another hormone produced in the gut. That is when the nutrients enter into the intestines. This hormone also plays a significant role; it keeps the levels of your blood sugar stable. You get the feeling that you had enough, and you feel full.
The GLP-1 low levels make you feel hungry. In order to increase levels of GLP-1, you can consume high protein foods such as yogurt and fish. This type of food can also increase the insulin sensitivity.
9. Peptide YY (PYY):
This hormone is released in the colon and intestines by the cells. By consuming plenty of fiber, protein, and diet that is low in carb you can increase the levels of this hormone.