High blood glucose(blood sugar), or technically, hyperglycemia, occurs when the body cannot use glucose properly( type2 diabetes), or it has insufficient amounts of it (type 1 diabetes).
If this condition lasts longer, for instance, for months and years, it will permanently damage certain body parts, including the kidneys, blood vessels, nerves, and eyes.
In diabetics, the blood sugar levels can be increased due to various different factors, including:
– Steroid medications
– Over-treating a hypoglycemia episode
– Missing a dose or taking a wrong dose of the diabetes medications
– Lack of physical exercise
– Too much stress
– Some disease, for example, a common cold
The following symptoms could be indicating that your blood sugar levels are too high:
– Increased thirst
– Dry mouth
– Always being hungry
– Frequent urination and/or urination during the night
– Dry and itchy skin
– Daily fatigue or extreme tiredness
– Difficulty concentrating
– Excess abdominal fat/weight gain
– Recurrent infections
– Blurred vision
– Slow healing of cuts and wounds
– Nerve problems
– Stomach problems
How to lower high blood sugar levels with glycemic food?
Dietary changes are among the first actions taken by diabetics. Not only does a healthy diet make you feel good, but you can also lower your blood sugar during the process. Carbohydrates are often a source of criticism because they affect glucose more than any other food group. But it’s important to know that some healthy carbs can actually raise blood sugar. One way to formulate a healthy diabetes diet is by concentrating on low glycemic index (GI) foods. Low-GI foods are less likely to increase blood sugar.
Using the glycemic index to choose a healthier diet is easier than you might think. “It’s actually quite simple,” says Dr. Jennie Brand-Miller, a professor of human nutrition at the University of Sydney and an advocate of the glycemic index. “Swap high glycemic index foods for low ones.” See the table below for examples of these swaps.
Brand-Miller and others suggest three categories of carbohydrate-containing foods:
Low glycemic index (GI of 55 or less): Most fruits and vegetables, beans (Brand-Miller calls beans “star performers”), minimally processed grains, pasta, low-fat dairy foods, and nuts.
Moderate glycemic index (GI 56 to 69): White and sweet potatoes, corn, white rice, couscous, breakfast cereals such as Cream of Wheat and Mini Wheats.
High glycemic index (GI of 70 or higher): White bread, rice cakes, most crackers, bagels, cakes, doughnuts, croissants, waffles, most packaged breakfast cereals.
Keeping tabs on your health is crucial to understanding where the deficiencies or excesses of your diet lie. With so many manufacturers filling out their foods with high levels of sugar, it is easy for your body to become overloaded. Don’t assume that consistent issues are natural; it’s probably your body reaching out and trying to tell you something. When it does, don’t ignore it.