Ayurveda teaches that “everything that exists in the universe, can be used both as food and as medicine. You just have to know the qualities (gunas) and method of use. ” It should take food which has the opposite quality than those prevailing in the body. Thin, dry person should take the heavy, oily food, fervent people cooling foods and the like …
One of the key things in proper nutrition is that the meal should contain all six tastes. Why this is so, it is best to be seen and understood when we consider the operation of every taste on the mind-body system.
What follows is a literal translation from the Caraka Samhita – the main document on which it is based today ajur-science (Caraka Samhita, Sutrastana, head 46)
The effect of sweet taste
” The food and medicines which have a sweet taste favorable for the body and as such contribute to increasing the nutritional plasma (rasa), blood, muscle, fat, bone, marrow, ride, seeds and longevity. Has a calming effect on the sensory organs. Bring strength and good looks, calm body and acting on the toxins. Release of thirst and burning sensations, give healthy skin, hair, voice and power. They are calming, nourishing and invigorating. Contribute to stability and lenses exhaustion. They are good for the nose, mouth, throat, lips, tongue and treat attacks. Bees and ants love them. They are greasy, cold and heavy.
Despite all these good qualities, if are excessively or exclusively used, they cause an increase kapha resulting in obesity, softness, laziness and lethargy, loss of appetite, feeling of heaviness, indigestion, excessive muscle growth throat and mouth, cough, difficulty urinating , colds, intestinal sluggishness, fever preceded by cold, constipation, sweet taste in the mouth, nausea, loss of voice, elephant disease, scrofulosis, cervical lymphadenitis, pharyngitis, splicing bladder, blood vessel diseases, throat and eyes (conjunctivitis).
The functioning of sour taste …
Medicines and food of sour taste enhancing the taste of food, stimulate appetite, food and revives the body, is the spirit, strengthen the sense organs, give strength, calm cotton, feed the heart, increase the secretion of saliva, helps chewing, hydration and digestion. They are light, refreshing, warm and oily.
Despite these good features, if are used excessively or exclusively, they cause thirst, sick tooth sensitivity, closing the eyes, melting kapha doshas, increasing pita dosha, increase in blood tissues, decrease muscle tissue, swelling at debilitated patients, hair and nausea.
Due to the warming properties they cause a wound dressing caused by ulcers, injury, infectious bites, burns, fractures, swelling, sprains, create toxins in the urine, bruises, cracks and fractures, inflammation in the throat, chest and heart area.
The functioning of salty taste …
Medicines and food of salty taste helps release gases, digestion and create cutting feelings. They are sharp, mobile, treat spasms and stiffness, calm vata dosha, clean and destroy deposits in Šrot. Salt reverses the effect of all other flavors, causes salivation, removes blockages, dissolves kapha dosha, brings softness of bodily organs and gives a good taste of food. Substances of salty taste are not too heavy, not too fatty nor hot. They are the basic food ingredients.
Despite all these good qualities, if are used excessively they cause an increase in pita dosha, blood disorders, thirst, dizziness, burning, relaxation of muscle tissue, peeling of the skin on the affected areas of persistent skin diseases, worsening signs of poisoning, shooting ulcers, tooth loss, reduce masculinity , blocking the senses, creating premature wrinkles, baldness and hoariness. Also cause diseases such as bleeding in various parts of the body, acid dyspepsia, acute skin diseases, gout, etc.
The effect of pungent taste …
Food and drugs with pungent taste maintain cleanliness mouth, enhancing digestion and help absorb food, causing a runny nose, treat diseases such as lazy bowel, hives, chronic conjunctivitis, helping the secretion of sticky waste materials, improve the taste of food, lenses itching, soothe excessive growth ulcers, kill germs, break up blood clots and other obstacles, clean Šrot and soothe kapha dosha.
Despite all these good qualities, if are used excessively they destroy manhood, causing dizziness, asthma, nausea, fatigue, unconscious choking, dizziness, burning in the throat, creating a lot of heat and thirst and reduce strength. Because of the prevalence of elements of fire and air they’re causing sharp stabbing pain in the legs, arms and back.
The effect of bitter taste …
Food and medicines with bitter taste in themselves lacking in flavor, but when added to other foods stimulate the sense of taste. They have anti-toxic actions and kill germs. Lenses dizziness, burning sensations, itching, fever, persistent skin diseases (including leprosy) and reduce thirst. They bring the tension of the skin and muscle. They help with digestion and the release of gases, pure milk, produce dryness and help reduce fat, muscle, bone marrow, lymph, sweat, urine, constipation, pus, pies and kapha. They are dry, cold and light.
Despite these good qualities, due to its dryness, roughness and non-nutrient density, they reduce plasma, blood, marrow, muscle and fat seeds. They create roughness in Šrot, reduce strength, causing emaciation, fatigue, dizziness, dizziness, dry mouth and other diseases.
The functioning of bitter taste
Food and medicines with bitter taste are sleepy and shutting. They give tone to those affected parts of the body and help blood clotting, absorption of food and muscle rigidity. Soothe kapha and bleeding. They are dry, cold and heavy and absorb bodily fluids.
If are used excessively, causing dryness of the mouth, heart failure, abdominal bloating, stuttering, narrowing Šrot black facial appearance and destroy manhood. Are slowly digested and clogging the passage of gas, urine, stool and seeds. Due to its roughness, dryness and non-densities create diseases like hemiplegia, convulsions, facial paralysis and other disorders in you. ”