Tibetan medicine is made of lot of elements, but most recognizable are those of ayurvedic medical tradition, the tradition of Buddhism in India, and many elements of Chinese medicine …
Tibetan Medicine, as written and its theorist and practitioner, Dr. Tenzin Čedrek (Tenzin Choedrak, 1922-2001; former personal physician of the Dalai Lama), is not only science, but combines the art and philosophy, which provides a comprehensive approach to health care. Art, because it uses diagnostic techniques based on the creativity, insight, compassion of the doctor. Philosophy, as it includes the key of Buddhist principles of altruism, karma and ethics.
Everything in the universe is in a constant state of flux, phenomena that surround us are characterized by transience, according to this theory all is composed of five proto-elements that make up the earth, water, fire, wind and space, each achieves a specific effect in the construction and maintain the function of the body.
Thus the earth performs pronounced influence on the formation of muscle cells, bones, nose and sense of smell; the element of water is responsible for the formation of blood, body fluids and sense of taste, the fire is responsible for body temperature, eyes and eyesight, wind for breathing, skin and sense of touch, a space for the gaps in the body, ears and hearing.
The three main principles of energy: wind energy is one of the three main energy in the body, responsible for physical and mental activity and acts as an intermediary between mind and body. “Fire” energy bile is responsible for hunger, thirst, digestion, gives skin glow and person courage and determination. The last of the three, phlegm is “cooler” and is responsible for the strength of the body, stability of mind, sleep. The key to health is the balance of these energies, and she is examined by visual observation, palpation – primarily pulse – and testing.
In addition to meditation, breathing exercises, yoga, spiritual counseling, exercise and changes in lifestyle, are used and specific techniques such as cupping on certain points, moxibustion, massage with the use of medicinal oils, medicinal baths, inhalation therapy, paying particular attention to the amount of exposure sun and more.