What are the causes of low blood pressure? What are the symptoms, should it be treat and how?
While high blood pressure can cause life-threatening consequences, low pressure does not cause major health problems, but, anyway, is not completely harmless nor be ignored – exhausts the body and hinders daily activities. Low pressure in some situations can still be very dangerous especially in a serious injuries with bleeding, then with strong allergies and in severe infections.
Low pressure or hypotension is determined when the values are lower than 110/60 mm Hg, respectively, oscillating between 100 to 110 with 60 – 70. Most affects people between 18 and 25 years. Athletes and people who exercise daily have a low pressure as heightened physical exertion reduces pressure. Problems caused by low pressure generally affect women more often than men. Pregnant women often in the first two quarters have reduced pressure which in the fourth quarter returns to normal. Low pressure can sometimes occur as a result of sudden diet.
When to suspect a problem with the pressure?
Often you are tired, you feel exhausted, drowsy, do not have power, but you have dizziness when getting up? Also notice the lack of concentration, loss of appetite, sometimes you have difficulty breathing and moving?
All these are symptoms that indicate a low pressure, and include clouding of vision, nausea, cold and pale skin. All these symptoms occur because during the reduced pressure in the blood vessels leads to the reduced blood flow causing the body to does not get enough oxygen.
What are the causes?
Low pressure can be caused by many different conditions such as dehydration, depression, bacterial infections, cardiovascular diseases, severe bleeding and alcohol dependency and nicotine. If the low pressure can not reveal the causes, it is a primary hypotension. The second is a kind of low pressure secondary hypotension as a result of other health problems in the body, such as sepsis, bleeding, stroke, poisoning, allergies, severe burns and others.
Dehydration also leads to a low pressure. What causes dehydration? Or insufficient fluid intake or excessive fluid loss due to, for example, strenuous exercise, high temperatures, due to vomiting and etc. Hypotension may occur as a result of certain diseases such as thyroid problems, circulatory and heart muscle and heart muscle, as well as due to the consumption of certain drugs, those that lower blood pressure, antidepressants, diuretics.
Low pressure in pregnancy
Pregnancy is also a frequent occurrence of low pressure, as the circulatory system during pregnancy expanding rapidly, blood pressure tends to lower. Usually pregnant women in the first two quarters have reduced pressure, which is returning to normal in the fourth quarter. Pregnant women with low pressure should pay attention to fainting because in this way can hurt themselves, and falling can endanger the baby as well. They need to be careful and not to get up too fast from a sitting or lying position, in order to not lose consciousness.
How to help yourself?
If you have normally low blood pressure and felling good, it’s enough just to make medical controls at time to time. Even occasional mild dizziness, weakness or need for lying down may not be worrisome, since it can be due and acute dehydration. If symptoms are more frequent or more pronounced, it is necessary to consult a doctor, because you may warn of a more serious condition. If there is no specific therapy or the cause is unclear, to increase the pressure and relieve symptoms can be recommended some general measures or medications, all depending on the age and general health. All who suffer from low blood pressure should engage with exercise and sport, or at least to move more.
A cup of coffee in the morning
If you suffer from low blood pressure, never do one of the most common mistakes, and that is not getting enough fluids in the body. Its sufficient to drink at least two liters of fluid everyday. First and foremost is certainly plain water, and herbal teas are also a good choice. Although for problems with low blood pressure its recommended consuming caffeinated beverages, with them still should not be exaggerated. The latest research shows that these drinks do not contribute to healthy regulation of blood pressure. So, be careful with the coffee, do not drink more than 2-3 cups, because the coffee in the beginning will raise the pressure, but later it lowers the pressure, just like diuretics.
What to eat when you have low pressure?
Proper nutrition is important for people with low pressure, because with it can significantly alleviate their problems and improve the quality of life. This means that people with low pressure no way should implement strict diets because their condition may worsen. In addition to a strict diet, abundant food is also not desirable. The daily diet should be made up of several smaller, diverse meals rich in carbohydrates, potassium and vitamin C. Eating several small meals a day helps to keep blood pressure in a healthy balance.
Meals should include enough fruits and vegetables, fish, chicken, rye, tofu, sesame seeds and brown rice. Recommended foods include ginger, radish, potato, corn, almonds, beets, garlic, blueberries, lemon and spinach. Foods that further reduce pressure and to avoid hypotension are celery, sage, nettle, yarrow, garlic, horseradish, parsley and hawthorn.
Unlike the people who are bothered by high blood pressure, people with low pressure should not shy away from the use of salt in the diet, because salt raises blood pressure. But of course that too much salt can not be healthy, and that’s why with salting should not be exaggerated.